Composite traffic

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Composite traffic is a hypothetical traffic system based on large-scale demand-responsive public transportation. The basic idea is to aggregate a major part of urban personal trips into taxi-like vehicles. A vehicle is shared by people that have the same origin and destination, thus increasing the effectiveness of the transportation compared with taxis. In practice, the composite traffic is clearly more cost-effective, if a large part of passengers are willing to make one change during the trip. A change increases the flexibility in the aggregation.[1]

See also

  • Lovelace, Robin (2014) The energy costs of commuting: a spatial microsimulation approach. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield. [2]
  • Tomtom traffic index: Stockholm Helsinki
  • Urban fabrics
  • Marko Tainio, Audrey J. de Nazelle, Thomas Götschi, Sonja Kahlmeier, David Rojas-Rueda, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Thiago Hérick de Sá, Paul Kelly, James Woodcock. Can air pollution negate the health benefits of cycling and walking?

Preventive Medicine, Volume 87, Issue null, Pages 233-236. [3]

  • Macmillan A, Connor J, Witten K, Kearns R, Rees D, Woodward A. 2014. The societal costs and benefits of commuter bicycling: simulating the effects of specific policies using system dynamics modeling. Environ Health Perspect 122:335–344; doi:10.1289/ehp.1307250

In Opasnet

In Heande

External links

EU project results from Cordis

Other links


  1. Tuomisto and Tainio: An economic way of reducing health, environmental, and other pressures of urban traffic: a decision analysis on trip aggregation. BMC Public Health 2005; 5: 123 [1].