ERF for short-term indoor exposure to cold and cardiovascular mortality

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Exposure-response function for short-term (acute) indoor exposure to cold and risk of death from cardiovascular causes.



Wilkinson et al. 2001, 2009 [1][2]

2.0% reduction in excess winter death per 1°C increase in standardised winter indoor temperature

  • Standardised winter indoor temperature at 5°C outdoor temperature



RR per 1°C decrease in standardised winter indoor exposure


Algebra or other explicit methods if possible
(e.g. Analytica code between the ''<anacode></anacode>'' delimiters).



See also

Links to relevant information that does not belong to Definition.


  1. Wilkinson P., Landon M., Armstrong B., Stevenson S., McKee M. 2001. Cold comfort: the social and environmental determinants of excess winter death in England, 1986-1996. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.
  2. Wilkinson P., Smith K.R., Davies M., Adair H., Armstrong B.G., Barrett M., Bruce N., Haines A., Hamilton I., Oreszcyn T., Ridley I., Tonne C. & Chalabi Z. Public health benefits of strategies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions: household energy. Health and Climate Series 4, The Lancet. Published online November 25, 2009. Doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61713-X [1]