Intake of PCDD/F from fish in Beneris

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Intake of PCDD/Fs from fish describes the exposure to polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) due to fish consumption in the Beneris population.


Intake of PCDD/F from fish in Beneris is represented as a continuous variable and is indexed by variable age. It applies to the whole Beneris population (all age groups 0-2yr, 2-18yr, 18-55yr and 55yr+) and to indicators such as remaining lifetime risk of cancer in adults and risk of developmental dental defects.


List of parents:


Lifetime cancer risk associated with PCDD/Fs is usually estimated using cancer slope factor (CSF) and the lifetime average daily dose (LADD). Therefore, in this case the intake of PCDD/Fs from fish is expressed as LADD. LADD is calculated as a product of average daily dose (ADD) and the ratio of exposure duration and averaging time (=life expectancy at birth), where ADD is the product of average WHO-TEQ concentration of PCDD/Fs in fish and fish intake rate (daily intake of fish) divided by the body weight.

It is assumed that the exposure duration for people from a given age group is the number of years this age group covers. In other words it is assumed that people from a given age group are exposed to PCDD/Fs from the time of entry to this age group until the time of exit from this age group. Therefore, the exposure duration for age group 18-55yr is 37 years and it's 45 years for age group 55yr+ (assuming max age of 100 years).

Moreover, according to the WHO statistics [1] the life expectancy at birth in 2006 was 83 and 76 years for Finnish women and men, respectively, and the combined life expectancy was 79 years.

To evaluate non-cancer risks the average daily dose (ADD) of PCDD/Fs is used. For children, the ADD of PCDD/Fs from fish is estimated as a product of daily fish consumption and the average WHO-TEQ concentration of PCDD/Fs in fish divided by the body weight.


General formulas (omitting unit conversions):


ADD: pg WHO-TEQ/kg bw-day
LADD: mg/kg bw-day

See also

TemaNord report on PCDD/F and PCB in Nordic countries