Evaluating impact on the demand for transport

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Will the option increase or decrease the demand for transport (passenger or freight), or influence its modal split?[1]


Notwithstanding the positive effects of mobility, the transport sector contributes to many environmental problems: it generates about 60% of overall CO2 emissions and accounts for 25% of total energy-related CO2 emissions. Greenhouse gas emissions (see question on climate change) from road and air transport have increased about 20% since 1990 in EEA member states, whereas emissions of air pollutants (see question on air quality) are falling despite a growth in traffic. Transport is also mainly reponsible for noise disturbance and fragmentation of natural habitats posing a significant thread to biodiversity (see question on biodiversity, flora, fauna and landscapes). Transport volumes are growing at a rate where many of the improvements brought about by new technology are being partly or fully negated. If transport modal split could be changed towards the use of more environmentally friendly transport modes, such as railway and ship instead of flight and transport on road, this could already disburden the environment significantly. An attitude change in Europe´s inhabitants, as well as a change of customs in their daily life could therefore definitely have a positive impact on the state of the environment.[1]



The following Eurostat Structural Indicators are relevant to address the key question:

The following Eurostat Sustainable Development Indicators are relevant to address the key question:

Transport is one of the main themes of the Sustainable Development Indicators. Relevant indicators for which data by Eurostat is available are:

Additional Links:

European Environment Agency Indicators

[EEA Transport Indicators]

In the following those indicators that are concerned with the demand and the modal split of transport are provided (both freight and passengers).

See also



  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 JRC: IA TOOLS. Supporting inpact assessment in the European Commission. [1]

This text is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace any reference documents.