Abbreviations in EBoDE

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EBoDE project
This page is a product of the EBoDE project. The final report of the EBoDE project has been published as a report in 2011[1] and also as web pages in Opasnet. These links lead to parts of the report.

EBoDE project: main page | overview | contributors | data overview | Parma meeting | abbreviations | all pages

Methods: environmental burden of disease calculation | selection of exposures and health effects | data needed | impact calculation tool

Health effects in Europe: benzene | dioxins | formaldehyde | lead | ozone | particulate matter | radon | second-hand smoke | transport noise | environmental burden of disease | results by country

  • ALRI Acute lower respiratory infection
  • AM Arithmetic mean
  • BOD Burden of disease
  • B-Pb Blood lead concentration
  • COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; group of related pulmonary diseases, most common form chronic bronchitis
  • DALY Disability adjusted life year; burden of disease metric that combines years of life lost and years lived with disabilities (DALY=YLL+YLD)
  • dB(A) Decibel (A-frequency weighing). Measure of noise level
  • DW Disability weight, parameter used in defining magnitude associated with years lived with disability
  • EBD Environmental burden of disease; BoD associated with defined environmental causes
  • END European Noise Directive
  • ERF Exposure-response function
  • GBD Global Burden of Disease (WHO assessment)
  • GM Geometric mean
  • GSD Geometric standard deviation
  • HSD High sleep disturbance; health endpoint associated with environmental noise exposures
  • HTD Hypertensive disease
  • ICT Impact calculation tool, probabilistic modelling tool run in Analytica environment
  • IHD Ischaemic heart disease
  • IQ Intelligence quotient
  • L(day) Weighted noise level for daytime
  • L(den) Weighted noise level for day-evening-night
  • LE Life expectancy
  • L(night) Weighted noise level for nighttime
  • LRS Lower respiratory symptoms
  • MI Myocardial infarction
  • MMR Mild mental retardation
  • MRAD Minor restricted activity days; health outcome defined in CAFE study for ozone
  • OR Odds ratio
  • PAF Population attributable fraction
  • PCB Polychlorinated biphenyls, a chemical group of toxic compounds
  • PM(10) Particulate matter with aerodynamic particle diameter smaller than 10 μm
  • PM(2.5) Particulate matter with aerodynamic particle diameter smaller than 2.5 μm
  • RAD Restricted activity days; health outcome defined in CAFE study for particulate matter
  • RR Relative risk expressed either for the prevailing exposure level (in cohort studies) or normalized for a selected unit exposure, e.g. per 10 μg m-3
  • SD Standard deviation
  • SHS Second hand smoke; sometimes called also environmental tobacco smoke (ETS)
  • TEQ Toxicity equivalent; a metric expressing the toxicity of a mixture of dioxins and PCBs as an equivalent amount of the most toxic compound, TCDD (original set of toxicity equivalency factors by WHO 1998, updated in 2005)
  • UR Unit risk; population risk per an individual and unit exposure
  • YLD Years lived with disability, a component of disease burden measured as DALYs
  • YLL Years of life lost, a component of disease burden measured as DALYs


  1. Otto Hänninen, Anne Knol: European Perspectives on Environmental Burden of Disease: Esimates for Nine Stressors in Six European Countries, Authors and National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), Report 1/2011 [1] [2]