Citizens' climate treaty

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Citizens' climate treaty is an action plan for global mitigation of climate change. It aims to replace the Copenhagen climate treaty that failed to be accepted in the Copenhagen COP-15 meeting in December 2009.


What is such a treaty that fulfils the following criteria?

  • It reduces the global greenhouse gas emissions in such a way that the long-term global temperature change can be kept below +2 degrees Celsius compared with the pre-industrial time.
  • It distributes the burden of actions and funding fairly between countries and people.
  • It is effective on voluntary basis and even if some important countries stay out of the treaty.
  • It is legally binding in countries that ratify the treaty.
  • It may have financial implications to countries not ratifying the treaty, however only in a way that does not violate the rules of international free trade.
  • The contents of the treaty are written according to the rules of the Open Task Group on Climate Change.



Critical questions
  • Should the CC framework be based on carbon trade, carbon tax, a hybrid with both, or something else?
  • How should the future impacts be discounted?
  • Is the target to stay below +2 C ambitious and safe enough?
  • What is the detailed framework (ETS or similar) that leads to achieving the +2 C target?
  • What are the detailed practical actions needed for achieving the +2 C target?
  • What are the different things that each country is willing to accept/promote and which not? Why?
  • What are the decision options available at different levels? Who are the decision-makers?



The Copenhagen Accord is used as the starting point.

See also